PDC Test - Electronic Filing
You can earn 0.25 PDC by passing the exam following this article, which has been approved for publication by NCRA's Council of the Academy of Professional Reporters.
The questions are based on two articles that appeared in the July-August 2000 JCR: Electronic Filing of Documents and Bye Bye Paper Transcript. However, some questions may require additional research. Send your answer sheet to NCRA's Continuing Education Office, 8224 Old Courthouse Road, Vienna, VA 22182, and enclose a check for $40 (member) or $50 (non-member) to cover the processing fee.
1. Electronic transmission is best accomplished by what means?
2. Electronic filing eliminates ________________ as its source?
b. errata sheets
3. The use of the words "electronic filing" of court documents has increased tremendously over the past ___________years.
4. The judicial/legal community is being asked to change satisfactory traditional processes primarily because of:
a. budget pressure.
b. rules committees.
c. court administrators.
d. diversity of population.
5. The court's primary mission is to:
a. resolve disputes.
b. mandate electronic filing of documents.
c. decrease the cost and time involved in trying cases.
d. receive import from the litigation community.
6. The public is demanding that the judicial and legal community primarily:
a. settle a dispute quickly.
b. allow public viewing of trials.
c. reduce the cost of dispute resolutions.
d. view jury room deliberations.
7. An expedited transcript, electronically filed and password protected to an attorney, could be downloaded:
a. in 48 hours.
b. in three days.
c. the next afternoon.
d. the next morning.
8. A program, endorsed by NCRA, which creates a password-protected copy of a certified transcript securely delivered over the Internet, is called:
9. The process which could allow volumes of exhibits to be electronically filed along with the transcript is called:
10. Signature-capture hardware enables the reporter to electronically send a transcript with a signed _____________.
a. Title Page
b. Exhibit Page
c. Certificate Page
d. Errata Sheet
11. What could enable the general public to have "viewing access only" to a transcript?
a. Web browser
c. Superior Court
d. imaging systems
12. PDF and TIFF refers to:
a. e-filing usage fees.
b. scanning and saving exhibits.
c. e-filing errors.
d. case management software.
13. An optical disk capable of holding 130,000 pages is called a:
14. Using computer terminology, different levels of access to information are called:
15. Assisting Los Angeles Family Law Court with technical support and software to launch an e-filing system is:
d. American Bar Association.
16. Teaming with CourtLink/JusticeLink to offer Small Business Web Connections for Lawyers, which enables e-filing and e-access to public records, is:
d. National Association of Court Administrators.
17. The world's most technologically advanced courtroom is located in:
a. San Diego, Calif.
b. Boston, Mass.
c. Williamsburg, Va.
d. Chicago, Ill.
18. Who received the Professional Legal Excellence Award for the Advancement of Public Understanding of the Law by the Maryland Bar Foundation?
a. Judge Judy Sheindlin
b. Judge Monty Ahalt
c. Chief Justice William Rehnquist
d. Judge Clarence Thomas
19. What work product currently being used by thousands of court reporters will fit seamlessly into any future electronic filing system?
c. Windows 95
20. Access to a transcript electronically filed can be restricted by means of a:
a. phone number.
d. imaging system.
21. When the focus changes from a paper world to an electronic world, the focus of court reporting will:
a. not change.
b. be on updating the clerk's filing system.
c. be on additional office space.
d. be on management of information.
22. Electronic filing will not affect freelance reporters.
23. Electronic filing can be better accomplished by the government.
24. California, Colorado, Texas and Pennsylvania are currently using electronic filing of court documents in selected courts.
25. One of the chief reasons why courts have tried to replace court reporters with audio recording devices has been budgetary pressure.
26. Among the first cases to have e-filing available in San Diego were simple litigation cases.
27. The public would prefer to have a single electronic interface with all courts.
28. Several groups, including court reporters, have a stake in the design and implementation of an electronic filing system.
29. Among the elements of an electronic file is judicial access to the facts of a dispute and the law.
- JCR, July-August, 2000: Electronic Filing of Documents and Bye Bye Paper Transcript
|Answer Sheet for Electronic Filing Exam
Circle the correct answer
Membership ID Number _______________________________
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